People need to make a lot of decisions every day, whether to watch a movie or read a book, go to play on the weekend or stay at home, whether to buy a house, etc. However, most people lack a decision-making system to improve the quality of decision-making, so we often Saw some ill-informed decisions.
For example, the following example: Xiaoming's industry has gradually declined. Seeing that people around him are changing careers, Xiaoming is also thinking about whether to change careers. However, when he considers, he has invested too much youth in this company. The network and experience accumulated in this industry finally bite the bullet and decide to stay here.
This is typically affected by the "silence cost", which is the cost (time, energy, money, emotion, etc.) we have invested in something in the past, but, strictly speaking, the cost of silence is not a cost, because the past Investments cannot be changed, and current decisions are about future benefits.
Therefore, the correct approach should be to consider the "opportunity cost", that is, to give up the benefits of another choice. For example, if Xiaoming's monthly income is 1W, then 1W is Xiaoming's opportunity cost. At this time, you only need to consider other options. Whether the benefit outweighs the opportunity cost.
In addition to the "silence cost", there Latest Mailing Database is another more common psychological trap, which is the "anchoring effect", that is, the brain will be swayed by first impressions and preconceived information. This information is anchored there like an anchor, keeping our minds from getting too far, thus affecting the quality of our decision-making.
For example, in a shopping mall, if you see that the products placed by a merchant at the door are very affordable, you will mistakenly think that the products of the entire store are like this; in the circle of friends, you will see some remarks about food poisoning, even if there is no scientific basis for these remarks, I will not dare to eat this kind of food again; or, because of a certain sentence said by the boss, the people below will not dare to have any more thoughts.
These are anchoring effects.
The above psychological traps are all we need to beware of in the decision-making process, because only in this way can we ensure that you are not affected by these psychological defects in the process of building a decision-making system, thereby improving the quality of your own decisions.
So, how do you build your own decision-making system?
Here, I provide a methodology and decision-making system that I have been researching and deliberately practicing lately.
clear specific goals;
Do multiple choice questions, not right and wrong questions.
Clarify specific goals
Above we mentioned the psychological flaws to be guarded against in the decision-making process, then, with this understanding, we can start the first step in building our decision-making system. "Clarify specific goals", that is, when making any decision, we must be clear whether the decision will achieve our goals.
For example, at present, many people seem to be very busy every day, doing a lot of work and studying a lot of courses every day. When you ask him, what goal is he doing this for, he said that there is no goal, just do it first, or say a rather abstract goals.
These decisions are not sensible, and doing so may relieve anxiety in a highly competitive environment, but the consequences of doing so will be very serious, because you don't know what you want at all, and in the end you look back, many decisions It's all meaningless to you, and the so-called "poor and busy" is the ugly thing to say.